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Esther Bible Study – Lessons From the Book of Esther

Esther in the Bible is a woman of courage and faith. She is one of my favorite Biblical figures because of her love for her people and her faithfulness to her God. In fact, my Hebrew name is the same as her’s; Hadassah. In this Esther Bible Study we will look at her lessons of faithfulness and Hashem’s goodness in placing Esther where she needed to be in order preserve the Jewish people.

She was taken to live in the palace of the King of the Persian empire as a teenager, given all the things in life she could want. But she never forgot her people or their God. Esther’s prayers were answered when she became Queen of Persia and saved her people from annihilation.

You may be familiar with the famous phrase we read in the Book of Esther, “Perhaps you were made for such a time as this” (paraphrased of course). But if you are a Christian, do you know how this Book of the Bible connects to the Jewish people as a story of redemption and what the Jewish Festival of Purim represents?

As a Jewish believer myself, I invite you to sit back and learn all about this awesome Feast of Purim that is one of my favorites, as well as maybe learning some new things about the book of Esther and this great story in God’s Word as we go through this Esther Bible study and the lessons we can learn from this brave girl that we can apply to our lives today!!

An image of a woman's profile with a crown on her head and a dark background with a text overlay that says Esther Bible Study - For Such a Time as This

Queen Esther – The Backstory

First, in this Bible study, we need to delve into what led Esther to the palace to begin with. So let’s first look the story of Esther before she became queen!

In the 3rd year of the reign of King Ahasuerus (sometimes called King Xerxes), the king made a feast for himself, his officials, servants, nobles. The king reigned over 27 provinces in the Persian Empire so you can only imagine how elaborate this feast was.

He had spent 128 days showing off his kingdom and then held the feast!

He went all out; the finest furnishings, wine served in golden cups where no two were alike!

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Queen Vashti

The king had a beautiful queen named Vashti. She also gave a feast in the palace for the women at this time.

On the 7th day, the king ordered his eunuchs to bring Vashti before him with her crown on her head. He wanted to show off his queen and her beauty!

But, Vashti refused to be summoned. She did not come to the king.

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The King’s Dilemma

The king has a real public relations dilemma on his hands here! How can he respond to this obvious (and very public) refusal?

He speaks to his wise men who, the Bible tells us, are all too familiar with the king’s temperament. He asks them what to do about Queen Vashti.

The wise men remind the king that basically everyone witnessed this refusal and if this was not dealt with then all the women will think they can just go around defying their husbands! They felt it would be a situation of “well if the queen did it, so can we!”

So they suggest to the king that she be cast out and stripped of her role of queen and of the royal crown.

The king agrees and he then sends a letter out to everyone making sure that it is understood by all that basically the man is the master of his home!

Enter Queen Esther

So now the king is short a queen and he decides he needs to find a new queen.

So in this sort of an ancient version of The Bachelor, he chooses to essentially have a pageant of sorts. All these beautiful women from across his kingdom are brought in to the women’s quarters in Shushan in the citadel, given beauty treatments, and would each appear before the king.

Who is Esther in the Bible?

She was a Jewish woman and Esther’s Hebrew name was Hadassah, so you may at times hear her referred to by that name, which means Myrtle tree. Esther was the cousin of a man named Mordecai who lived in Shushan.

Esther had lived with her cousin Mordecai since she was a little girl due to her having been orphaned. The Bible doesn’t give us much more information about Esther’s past than that. It was with Esther’s future that the Word concerns itself.

Esther was one of the women chosen to be taken and placed in the care of one of the eunuchs who was in charge of all the women. Mordecai had warned Esther not to reveal that she was a Jew. He knew it would not bode well for her if it was known she was a Jew.

It was as though Mordecai knew having a Jewish queen in place would be ‘for such a time as this’ just when the Jewish people needed her most. His wisdom proved to be what saved the Jewish people ultimately.

She became a favorite of Hegai the eunuch so he ensured she received the finest treatment, including beauty treatments beyond what the others received. God had bestowed favor on Esther.

She finally appears before the king who loved her above the others and he crowns Esther queen. Esther’s beauty and her demeanor had won the king over.

Who Was Haman?

Haman was a trusted and highly esteemed official in the court of the king and he had received great promotion and high position. He was above all of the king’s court and essentially number two in the kingdom.

Some time later, Mordecai was told of a plot by two of the king’s eunuchs to kill the king. Hee relayed this information to Esther, who then tells the king of this plot on behalf of Mordecai.

Everyone would bow down to Haman, but not Mordecai. Mordecai only bowed before God.

When Haman learned of this he was outraged that Mordecai would disrespect him in that way. He also learned that Mordecai was a Jew, so Haman hatched an evil plan and plotted to kill, not only Mordecai but ALL the Jews!

Lots (known as “purs”) were cast to determine the day that this plot would be carried out. It was to be the 13th day of Adar.

Then Haman goes to the king to inform him of these people, the Jews, who set themselves apart from the people and the king’s laws. He basically paints them as being rebellious against the king and his rule.

He convinced the king to destroy God’s people by paying people a bounty for killing them!

Letters were sent out, sealed with the king’s signet, to all the provinces instructing them to destroy, kill, and completely rid the land of the Jews regardless of age or gender.

The Festival of Purim - For Such a Time as This - for post on The Book of Esther Bible Study

Esther Learns of Haman’s Plot

Mordecai learns of this decree and he tears his clothes and puts on sackcloth and ashes, a sign of deep mourning or sorrow as well as an act of humility and repentance before God, and then he goes out into the city.

News reached Esther of her cousin so she sent clothes to Mordecai to remove his sackcloth but he refused to accept the clothing.

Esther sends one of the king’s eunuchs to find out what was happening and why Mordecai was in sackcloth and ashes.

Mordecai tells the eunuch of the plot and gives him a copy of the decree. He asked for Esther to go in to the king to plead for the life of her people.

But Esther sent a message to Mordecai to remind him that anyone who goes to the inner court of the king without being summoned was to be put to death. What good would she be to her people if she was put to death for even approaching the king without being called?

Perhaps You Were Made For Such a Time as This

Mordecai sends word to maybe ‘not so gently’ remind HER that she too is a Jew and she is also a target of this decree. In more direct terms, he was letting her know she too was dead if she DIDN’T go before the king.

The palace and her position offered her no protection. The king could not defy his own decree if it was discovered that Esther was a Jew regardless of being queen.

Mordecai also sends her word, and you can almost hear his chastisement of Hadassah, that God may in essence very well send help to the Jews in some other way, but that help will not reach her nor her family legacy if she fails to take action. 

He reminds her that God may have placed her in the role she is in for such a time as this!

Esther 4:13-14

“Don’t suppose that merely because you happen to be in the royal palace you will escape any more than the other Jews.

For if you fail to speak up now, relief and deliverance will come to the Jews from a different direction;

but you and your father’s family will perish. Who knows whether you didn’t come into your royal position precisely for such a time as this.”

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an image of a young queen with Esther 4:14 written for the Book of Esther Bible Study

Mordecai was letting her know that the fate of the Jewish people, including her own life, had been placed in her hands.

This exchange is at the heart of this Bible study because it applies to us today as well.

You too were made for such a time as this. For such a time as right now.

Do we look at where God has us placed at this very moment, at our trials and difficulties, and wonder if He is using us for such a time as this as He did with Esther in the Bible?

Oh to have that faith in all we go through!

So Queen Esther chooses to go to the king. She tells Mordecai to go to all the Jews in Shushan and have them fast for her, as she would also be doing, and if she dies going in to the king then so be it.

Mordecai reminded Esther that God may have placed her in the role she is in for such a time as this! Click To Tweet

Queen Esther’s Banquets

Esther goes in to the king and the Bible tells us she found favor with him. He wasn’t angered by her appearance before him without being summoned.

In fact, he even asks her what she would like from him, up to half the kingdom, and she tells him she would like to invite him and Haman to a banquet.

Haman’s narcissistic ego certainly was piqued by her request and the king and Haman attend this banquet.

The king enjoys the banquet Esther prepared for them thoroughly and asks her again, what would she like from him. She tells him she would like them to attend another banquet to be held the next day.

They agree.

Haman’s ego is now on full throttle and he runs and tells ALL his friends and family that, other than the king, Esther invited no one else but Him.

However, on his way home to tell them this news he runs into the man he hated more than anything else; Mordecai.

Haman tells his friends and family that regardless of ALL his good fortune, it is ruined by the sight of Mordecai! Just the mere sight of him was enough to deflate this haughty giddiness Haman felt.

So Haman and his family, at the suggestion of his wife, erect this extreme gallows (50 cubits high!!), and tells him that he should suggest to the king that Mordecai be hanged on it and then go on and enjoy the banquet!

Honoring Mordecai

However, insomnia would prove to be Haman’s undoing.

You see, that night the king has a tough time sleeping so he calls for his book of records to be brought in and read to him! That would put me to sleep too!!

And when it is read to him, it revisits the time the plot to kill the king was discovered and revealed by Mordecai, saving the king’s life.

The king then asks his officials what was done for Mordecai for this act that saved the king from the assassination plot. He is told nothing had been done for Mordecai.

So he summons none other than Haman, who was in the court at the time, and, without mentioning Mordecai by name, asks Haman what should be done to honor a man.

Haman, in all his great narcissism, assumes it could be no one but him!

So he tells the king that a royal robe that had been worn by the king, and a horse which the king had ridden that has a royal crest on its head be brought to that man.

He said the man should be paraded before all the people in the city so everyone can see how much the king honors him.

So the king tells Haman to hurry and go do all these things for the Jew, Mordecai!

Can you just picture the look on his face when he heard this?

Not only did Haman have to witness this being done for Mordecai, but he had to lead him through the city himself!!

Oh I can only imagine his rage!

Not only did Haman have to witness this being done for Mordecai, but he had to lead him through the city himself!! Oh I can only imagine his rage! Click To Tweet

Lessons From Esther – The Defeat of Haman and the Saving of the Jewish People

Haman, like a jealous child, goes home and complains to his family yet again! But his seething is cut short when the king’s eunuchs come to bring him to Queen Esther’s second banquet.

At the banquet the king asks her again what she desires from him and Esther begins to tearfully beg and plead for her life and the life of her people because…

“For we have been sold, I and my people, for destruction, slaughter and annihilation.

If we had simply been sold as male and female slaves, I would have remained silent, for such distress would not be worth disturbing the king.”

Esther 7:4 TLV

The king demands to know who would DARE to think to do this to his queen and her people and Esther points at Haman!

Haman is then taken away and hanged on the very same gallows that had been erected for Mordecai. His family is executed, as are thousands of would-be attackers.

The king then gave all that had belonged to Haman to his Queen Esther and appointed Mordecai over the House of Haman.

Purim was mandated to be commemorated each year!

Haman was defeated and the Jewish people saved!

While this is the only books of the Bible that doesn’t mention God’s Name, we certainly see Him throughout this narrative in His saving work of His people by placing Hadassah at the right place at the right time.

What 5 biblical lessons from the book of Esther can we learn?

  1. Never assume you are too insignificant for God to use!
  2. You can step out in faith, trusting that God can equip you with the courage you need, when you need it!
  3. God has a plan and a purpose for you!
  4. Doing what is right is more important that doing what is easy!
  5. When confused or conflicted about a decision, prayer and fasting can bring you the answers you need!

The Amazing Characteristics of Esther in the Bible

Let’s look at some characteristics of Esther in the Bible and see what we can learn from them and how to apply them to our own lives.

• Like Esther, we can overcome difficulties
• Like Esther, it’s important to be humble and gentle
• Like Esther, we have the power to influence others for good
• Like Esther, we should have a desire to please God before all else
• Like Esther, we can learn how to overcome obstacles
• Like Esther, we can find new perspectives on life’s challenges, when we focus on others
• Like Esther, we can gain confidence in God’s protection and provision and have gratitude for what we have been given• Learn how to overcome obstacles
• Like Esther, we can trust the Lord for wisdom
• Like Esther, we can exhibit patience and not act rashly
• Like Esther, we can have faith that ultimately God is in control and we can trust Him

These characteristics of Esther are what we should seek to have in life.

The Festival of Purim

The festival of Purim is celebrated every year on the 14th day of the Hebrew month of Adar. It commemorates and celebrates the defeat of Haman’s plot, according to the Book of Esther (known as the Megillah):

“Letters were sent by courier to all the royal provinces “to destroy, kill and exterminate all Jews, from young to old, including small children and women, on a specific day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, the month of Adar, and to seize their goods as plunder.”

Esther 3:13 cjb

While Purim is celebrated on the 14th day of Adar, Haman’s plot to kill the Jewish people was actually the 13th day. In reality, Esther and Mordecai received a royal edict that allowed the Jews to attack their enemies on Adar 13.

They won the victory and so they declared that the following day would be a day of remembrance and celebration. Each year, the Festival of Purim serves as a reminder of God’s faithfulness to His people.

But read on to learn more…

The Festival of Purim is an annual reminder of God's faithfulness to His people. Click To Tweet

The Celebration of the Festival of Purim

What is the Festival of Purim?

Purim means ‘lots’ in Hebrew, tying in to the lots that were cast to choose the date to carry out the plot against the Jewish people.

The festival of Purim is a joyous holiday that celebrates and commemorates the saving of the Jewish people from the wicked Haman and his plot to annihilate them.

It is a day full of fun and celebration, but it is also a day of charity as it is written in Esther 9:22:

“…[to commemorate] the days on which the Jews obtained rest from their enemies and the month which for them was turned from sorrow into gladness and from mourning into a holiday; they were to make them days of celebrating and rejoicing, sending portions [of food] to each other and giving gifts to the poor.”

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Costumes

Costumes are worn during the festival of Purim, particularly in Israel (and oh they get elaborate with some costumes!!).

With the events of Purim, we don’t see a “visible miracle” per se, like the parting of the Red Sea, but God’s hand is clearly at work, behind the scenes, bringing His plan to fruition.

To commemorate that, the costumes are worn to “hide oneself”, giving the appearance of one thing while something else is beneath the surface! Just like there was the “appearance” of doom for the Jews but God had a plan at work!

Here is one of my all-time favorite costumes from Israel! Yes, music and all!

Purim Recipes – Food and Drink

Hamantaschen(or Haman’s Pockets) are cookies that are shaped like triangles and filled with different fillings like fruit, poppy seeds, etc.

Poppy seeds are a staple when it comes to Purim foods! It is said that Esther, in order to hide the fact that she was Jewish, ate a vegetarian diet so that she did not have to worry about the dietary requirements of the Law.

Seeds would have been an important part of this diet! But that is oral tradition and is not backed up in scripture!

There are also party foods and cookouts! It is just a day to eat and yes, in Judaism many do drink! In fact there is a “mandate” in the Talmud: “a person is obligated to drink on Purim until he can no longer distinguish between cursed is Haman and blessed is Mordecai” (B. Meggilah 7b). 

However, many do understand that drunkenness is never a good idea and drink responsibly!

Purim Recipes

Graggers

The Book of Esther in the Bible is read and every time the name “Haman” is mentioned, a lot of noise is made to drown it out! Often graggers, or noismakers, are used to make as much noise as possible.

When Mordecai’s name is read, everyone cheers!

Parades

In Israel, it is customary to see parades held! It is a major celebration and all of Israel takes part in the various festivities!

Purim is certainly a fun day, often referred to as the Mardi Gras of Israel and celebrated by everyone from the secular to the Orthodox!

A Great Biblical Alternative to Halloween!

The fun of the festival of Purim with its costumes and food and noisemakers is also a great alternative to those who do not celebrate Halloween with their children in the United States, due to its origins! It gives children a chance to experience the costumes and treats associated with the festival of Purim.

It also teaches them the Book of Esther and they learn of God’s faithfulness, all while having just as much fun as any Halloween party could provide!

And they can also learn that God can and will use them in their lives to do amazing things!

No matter what we go through in life, we should always look and see that God can be using us in our circumstances ‘for such a time as this’!

How Christians Can Connect to the Festival of Purim to Celebrate With Your Jewish Friends

For the Christian, you can connect to Purim by understanding that a deeper part of the festival of Purim is that it is a day to remember how God is always faithful to His people and how, no matter where we are or what challenges we face, perhaps YOU were made for such a time as this!

We never know who our lives are affecting or saving through where God has us positioned!

Like Esther, let us all always strive to face fear and trust in God!

The festival of Purim next begins at sundown on Wednesday, March 16, 2022 and ends at sundown on Thursday, March 17, 2022!

Why not celebrate God’s faithfulness to His people and attend a Purim party with your Jewish friends!!? If you do, I would love to see your photos!

Here is a video showing a bit of what the festival of Purim is like in Israel! Keep in mind, this is Purim so there IS wine!! But this is fun video that shows some of the various celebrations!

Incidentally, the baby in the video is named Hadassah!

How awesome is it that all of this is to celebrate God and His work in the lives of His people.

Have you ever celebrated the Festival of Purim? Do you plan to learn more about it?  And remember, when facing life’s trials, perhaps like Queen Esther you were made for such a time as this!

Chag Purim Sameach! L’Chaim!


We never know who our lives are affecting or saving through where God has us positioned! Like Queen Esther, let us all always strive to face fear and trust in God! Click To Tweet

Tree of Life (TLV) – Scripture taken from the Holy Scriptures, Tree of Life Version*. Copyright © 2014,2016 by the Tree of Life Bible Society.  Used by permission of the Tree of Life Bible Society.

CJB – Taken from the Complete Jewish Bible by David H. Stern. Copyright © 1998. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Messianic Jewish Publishers, 6120 Day Long Lane, Clarksville, MD 21029. www.messianicjewish.net.

Originally published December 27, 2019

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34 Comments

  1. Diane, I love learning from you. When I saw that we were neighbors today at #heartencouragementThursday, I immediately said, “Oh good! I love her posts.” Thank you for sharing about the Festival of Purim. How interesting! Esther was a brave woman. Mordecai even more so. What a champion of righteousness both were. But the topper of them all is God. We serve a faithful, faithful Father. Oh, how thankful I am. Enjoy His faithfulness today, friend.

    1. Thank you so much my friend!! I love your posts as well!!! I actually just got ready for the day (running a bit behind today lol) and I’m heading to the link up to do some reading so can’t wait to see yours!!

  2. This is interesting! I really feel like believers miss out by not knowing and celebrating these holidays from our scripture, thanks!

  3. I loved learning about Purim and its relationship to the book of Esther! May we be used “for such a time as this”.

    Blessings,
    Tammy

    1. It is! I am going to miss celebrating this year due to COVID but we are still doing some fun things online with our synagogue family!

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