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Setting Spiritual Boundaries – How to Build a Fence Around the Torah

Messianic Judaism

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Is living a godly life something you desire? I am sure it is or you wouldn’t even be here! One of the keys to living a godly life is setting spiritual boundaries for yourself and your family.

If you are not familiar with the practices of Judaism or Rabbinical Judaism, you are probably unfamiliar with the Ethics of the Fathers, called Pirkei Avot. You may have never heard the term “build a fence around the Torah”. What does that even mean Diane??? Pirkei what? A fence? What does building a fence have to do with living a godly life or setting spiritual boundaries???

Well, stay with me because, here in this post, I explain not only the meaning of this phrase, but why you as a believer, even a non-Jewish believer, should make it a practice to build a fence around the Torah each day!

Read on to learn more!

An image of a wooden fence on grass and a text overlay that says Spiritual Boundaries - How to Build a Fence Around the Torah

Updated and republished from 10/21/2020

Pirkei Avot – The Ethics of the Fathers

So let’s first discuss Pirkei Avot.

As I mentioned, it is also known as the Ethics of the Fathers or more literally Chapters of the Fathers, which is from Jewish Rabbinical tradition and comes from a tractate of Mishna called Avot.

It deals with matters of ethics and morals. It is about living a godly life and offers different opinions and wisdom from the greatest Rabbis and sages!

It consists of 6 chapters and one chapter is traditionally read each Shabbat afternoon. I have heard some say it is read in spring and summer and others read it all year.

I personally read one chapter each Shabbat since I seem to learn something new each time and I love seeing how different schools of thought often prevailed in their interpretation of Torah.

This is why I am fascinated with Mishna (which is a written collection of oral law and reads more like a legal volume than a traditional kind of book). I like to see how the School of Hillel often prevailed over the School of Shammai. It is wisdom and history playing out in front of me each week!

And many would be surprised to learn that Yeshua Himself was more than familiar with these rabbinical teachings and many of the Pharisees from these schools kept company with Him (just look at Nicodemus) and had similar types of discussions with Him, as we see in the Apostolic Writings.

In the first chapter of Pirkei Avot in Mishna 1(a) we read:

“Moses received the Torah from Sinai and transmitted it Joshua. Joshua transmitted it to the Elders, the Elders to the Prophets, and the Prophets transmitted it to the Men of the Great Assembly. They [the Men of the Great Assembly] said three things: Be deliberate in judgment, raise many students, and make a protective fence for the Torah.”

Pirkei Avot chapter 1 mishna 1(a)

Be deliberate in judgment, raise many students and make a protective fence around the Torah. Wise words indeed!

Build a Fence Around the Torah – Spiritual Boundaries

What does it mean to build a fence around the Torah? Why is this taught? And why am I talking to you about Torah at all?

First, I want to say that Torah is often VERY misunderstood in Christianity.

You may hear the word “Torah”and think it is just a bunch of laws and regulations that don’t apply to you.

You may think it is only the first five Books of Moses, and it DOES include that, but not ONLY that.

The word Torah actually means “teaching”, not law, and it is very often used to describe the whole of the Tanakh (the Tanakh is what many people know as the ‘Old Testament’) which stands for the Torah (T), Nevi’im or Prophets (N) and Ketuvim or Writings (K).

So while I personally don’t typically like to use the term “Old Testament“, for Christians it may make more sense to think of it as the whole of the Old Testament.

What does it mean to build a fence around the Torah? Click To Tweet

So just to reiterate, Torah is not simply the law. It is history, it is narrative, it is poetry, it is song and it is prophecy. Yeshua was the embodiment of Torah!

We do not just read or study Torah, our goal as Messianic Jews (if you are a Messianic Jew, but I think this idea should apply to non-Jewish believers as well) is to ACQUIRE Torah.

To read or study something is wonderful, but if you do not let it impact your life, if you don’t acquire loving-kindness or “chesed”, if you don’t allow the living, breathing Word of Hashem to shape you, then mere reading just gave you what my mother called “head knowledge”.

In the end it left you without growth. And living a godly life requires growth. We are to, as Paul says, desire meat and not milk!

So let’s look at a fence. What does a fence do?

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Build a Fence Around The Torah – What Does a Fence Do?

Well, some would say a fence keeps people out. Some might say it keeps people in.

Others might say it forms a protective barrier or establishes boundaries, which is true. In fact, it is last purpose, spiritual boundaries, that the Rabbis determined a fence needed to be built for Torah.

These “fences” were used by the Rabbis to maintain the integrity of the various mitzvot or commands. They were not meant to be seen as additions to them but to help people to keep from transgressing and being disobedient to Hashem.

It is believed to come from Deuteronomy 22:8:

“When you build a new house, you are to make a guardrail for your roof, so that you do not bring the guilt of blood on your house if anyone falls from it.


The same way you would protect someone from falling off the roof of your house, you should also protect the mitzvot and teachings of Torah to keep someone from falling into sin.

A housetop with a widows walk and Deut 22:8 quoted in the Tree of Life Version

An Example of Fencing in Torah From the Mishnah

The Mishna is a written collection of what is known as Oral Torah. It is, according to Britannica.com is “the oldest authoritative postbiblical collection and codification of Jewish oral laws, systematically compiled by numerous scholars (called tannaim) over a period of about two centuries.” (Britannica)

In the English Explanation of Mishnah Berakhot by Author: Joshua Kulp Composed: (c.1997 – c.2013 CE), we read an excellent example of this fence:

And not in respect to this alone did they so decide, but wherever the sages say “until midnight,” the mitzvah may be performed until dawn. The burning of the fat and the pieces may be performed till dawn. Similarly, all [the offerings] that are to be eaten within one day may be eaten till dawn. Why then did the sages say “until midnight”? In order to keep a man far from transgression.

Here and in the following sections we see that Rabban Gamaliel holds that whenever the sages say that a certain mitzvah must be performed before midnight, in actuality it can be performed until the following morning.

The sages said that the mitzvah should be performed before midnight so that the person would perform the mitzvah with plenty of time to spare and not miss his opportunity and thereby transgress.”


So here we see a limit on the timing to say the Shema (Hear Oh Israel, Hashem is our God, Hashem alone!), not because it had to be said before midnight but because, by saying midnight, they would help ensure people wouldn’t wait too long and miss saying it altogether.

A modern day example people might resonate with in order to illustrate this is: when we want our kids to be home for dinner no later than 5PM so we tell them to be home by 4PM, knowing they have a tendency to be late. In doing so, we ensure they don’t get in trouble for being late for dinner.

Yeshua and the Torah

Yeshua Himself gave us examples of fencing in Torah in His teachings.

Yes, Yeshua Himself built a fence around Torah. Yeshua kept Torah. He lived Torah! He embodied Torah! His disciples kept Torah, as did the apostles.

Yes, Yeshua Himself built a fence around Torah. Yeshua kept Torah. His disciples did as did the apostles. There was no New Testament during Yeshua's lifetime. Click To Tweet

Examples of How Yeshua Would Build a Fence Around Torah

Matthew 5:27-28:

“You have heard that our fathers were told, Do not commit adultery.’ But I tell you that a man who even looks at a woman with the purpose of lusting after her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

An image of a broken heart painted on a white brick wall with Matthew 5:27-28 quoted in the Complete Jewish Bible

Yeshua wasn’t changing the commandment here. He wasn’t “doing away with” Torah.

He is expounding upon it.

Here is saying that the command given to the fathers was to not commit adultery, but He says if you even look at a woman to lust after her you have already committed adultery with her in your heart.

Why? Because sin begins there. Spiritual boundaries begin by identifying the things that lead to sin, not just the sin itself.

When you examine the seedlings from which sin grows, you build a fence around the Torah and, if you are a Jew (Messianic or otherwise as many Messianic Jews are Torah observant, myself included), preserve the customs and laws.

If you are a gentile, you ward off the greater sin that follows.

He is not giving an additional command or changing Torah. That would violate the very essence of who He was.

He Himself has said nothing would be added to or taken from the Word, which meant Torah.

There was no New Testament in Yeshua’s time. There was only Torah! He was doing what the Rabbis of His time did; he was setting spiritual boundaries by building a fence around Torah.

I will give another example.

Matthew 5: 21-23

“You have heard that our fathers were told, ‘Do not murder,’ and that anyone who commits murder will be subject to judgment. But I tell you that anyone who nurses anger against his brother will be subject to judgment; that whoever calls his brother, ‘You good-for-nothing!’ will be brought before the Sanhedrin; that whoever says, ‘Fool!’ incurs the penalty of burning in the fire of Gei-Hinnom!


This is so rabbinical in nature! And it makes sense as Yeshua WAS in fact a rabbi and was referred to as such by his own disciples!

Avoid the Appearance of Evil

What Yeshua is doing is trying to show His disciples how violation of mitzvot, how sin, begins as a small fire and what may seem like harmless thoughts or actions, but then, like a fire, it grows and spreads. Our seemingly harmless thoughts or actions can then develop into sin.

He was trying to teach them to effectively build a fence around the Torah and curb behaviors and thoughts that would seem to not be covered in Torah in those minute details but could lead one to fall into sin against Torah in the greater mitzvot (how looking with lust could lead to outright adultery if allowed to continue).

If I schedule a dinner with a couple of colleagues and I find one cannot make it, and it would mean it would be only myself and a male co-worker, I am either cancelling or suggesting my spouse join us.

Why? Well, I want to avoid the appearance of evil for one. But I have witnessed (far too often) marriages destroyed by what started as one simple, innocent business dinner.

Talking ensues, you start to share personal stories, you lament problems at home, flirting begins and well, you can guess the rest. Does this happen all the time? No! But CAN it happen? Yes and that is what we as God-followers are to avoid.

My husband works in an office that is all windows on one side and his admin sits right there. If he has to meet with a female staff member or student, he keeps the door open at all times. That is how you build a fence around the Torah. That is how you avoid the appearance of evil.

Living a godly life with spiritual boundaries is important to him but so is avoiding even the appearance of anything untoward.

Let’s take a look at something even more serious in nature. Let’s look at murder, which Yeshua addressed.

You avoid murder by avoiding harboring hatred in your heart for someone. Murder is with malice. Malice builds as anger deepens. This is why Yeshua told us in Matthew 5:23-24:

“So if you are offering your gift at the Temple altar and you remember there that your brother has something against you, leave your gift where it is by the altar, and go, make peace with your brother. Then come back and offer your gift.”


Image of a gift with Matthew 5:23-24 quoted in Complete Jewish Bible

He said don’t even offer your gift if you know someone is angered against you! Go make it right first.

He was building a fence.

You build a fence around the Torah when you begin to hear someone starting to engage in lashon hara or ‘evil tongue also known as baseless gossip, and you either walk away or tell them you don’t wish to engage in it.

Oh come on Diane…it’s a little gossip! Yes maybe it is, to begin with.

But have you ever listened to gossip? It gains a life of its own and grows like a wildfire. It can ruin relationships between people.

Have you ever listened to gossip? It gains a life of its own and grows like a wildfire. It can ruin relationships between people. Click To Tweet

You may just want to share your feelings about a situation with someone you feel you can trust, to get advice on how to handle the situation. But maybe that person takes the information you told them in confidence and shares it with the person you were sharing about?

You were seeking counsel but they chose to stir up more strife between two sisters rather than trying to bridge the relationship.

And while THEY are the ones who transgressed, you also didn’t follow Biblical principles in handling the issues in the relationship either.

The Bible tells us what to do if we have a problem with another believer. And sometimes what seems like trying to get counsel is really us venting to someone who is ALL too willing to listen to you “spill the tea”.

The fence would have been built by resolving the matter through Biblical means.

I find when people know there is something going on, they will seek more information by pretending to want to be a shoulder for you to lean on when all they want is to hear the gossip.

How You Can Build a Fence Around the Torah for Spiritual Boundaries?

So what can you do to help build a fence around the Torah and protect against sin, live a godly life, and have the shalom or “peace” of the Lord?

Buildng a Fence Around Torah

1. Always Be Aware of How Your Decisions May Influence Another - Even Just Appearances

1 Thessalonians 5:22 says "keep away from every kind of evil." Other translations have "avoid the appearance of evil" but I don't see that from the original language.

However, it does not seem to me a far reach to say that one way you build a fence for Torah IS by avoiding situations that could lead to a breaking down of relationships.

It can never hurt to put yourself into the sandals of another person (or crocs...I admit I LOVE crocs!) and schlep around a bit to get their perspective. You just might find it wasn't very comfortable a walk!

2. When in Doubt, Do More

One example of this is when we light the Shabbat candles. They are to be lit by sunset to usher in the new day (the day in Judaism begins at sunset) but we all light them no later than 18 minutes prior to sunset as a fence around the mitzvot or command just so we don't make a mistake and miss the start time (while there are other traditions that say the day is so special we add to it by beginning it sooner).

3. Follow Yeshua's Examples

Yeshua's examples of fence building in the Sermon on the Mount should serve as an example to us that the way we avoid sin is to avoid what leads us there. We need to stop thinking we are invincible and that because we follow Yeshua that we are somehow protected against sin or that we are not under Torah. Torah is a blessing, not a burden.

Yeshua said in Matthew 5:17-20:
"Do not think that I came to abolish the Torah or the Prophets! I did not come to abolish, but to fulfill.  Amen, I tell you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or serif shall ever pass away from the Torah until all things come to pass. Therefore, whoever breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven. But whoever keeps and teaches them, this one shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I tell you that unless your righteousness exceeds that of the Pharisees and Torah scholars, you shall never enter the kingdom of heaven!"

What Ways Can You Think of to Build a Fence Around the Torah?

Share ways in which you have had to take steps to avoid falling into sin or even the appearance of sin!

Can you think of other ways that we as believers, especially in the current climate in the United States, can protect that fence further?

I would love to hear your thoughts in the comments!

And please, enjoy this video by my friend Izzy over at Holy Language Institute!

And be sure to get your ACTS Prayer Method Workbook below as my gift to you!

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CJB – Taken from the Complete Jewish Bible by David H. Stern. Copyright © 1998. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Messianic Jewish Publishers, 6120 Day Long Lane, Clarksville, MD 21029. www.messianicjewish.net.

Tree of Life (TLV) – Scripture taken from the Holy Scriptures, Tree of Life Version*. Copyright © 2014,2016 by the Tree of Life Bible Society.  Used by permission of the Tree of Life Bible Society.

Mishnah Yomit by Dr. Joshua Kulp Source: learn.conservativeyeshiva.org Digitization: License: CC-BYRevision History

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  1. Diane, I learn so much here! I love the visual of building a fence around the Torah. Great insights for building a fence around a godly life, without that, we let all kinds of threats into our space. We do need to not only guard our hearts, but our sacred practices of living out the Word. Thank you!

  2. I appreciate learning the perspectives of the Jewish traditions and thought applied to the Christian faith. It’s like adding color to a beautiful black and white sketch. Thank you for your work.

  3. Diane – I learned so much from this article. I had never heard what ‘Torah’ really meant! Knowing that is wonderful and I very much enjoyed the video by your friend from the Holy Language Institute. I want to know more!

  4. This is insightful. Obviously not being Jewish I’ve never heard the expression, but I’ve lived it. Guard your heart, is the guidance I use. The examples you provide work for you but aren’t for everyone because each person must know where they are and what they are prone to. But bigger than that, in our relationship with Christ as we get to know Him more, He guides and dictates our actions.

    1. Yes and the examples are just that…they won’t apply to everyone but the premise is the same. Whether someone is Jewish or Gentile, the way we experience temptation and sin are the same. We need to not wait until sin is banging down our door. All sin begins with temptation and thought…and when we take EVERY thought captive, we can avoid a whole host of sin. Blessings!

  5. Diane – I love learning from you. I had never heard the phrase about putting a fence around the Torah. Yet, my momma taught me this when it comes to meeting with men when married. I, too, try to follow the same line of thinking as you do. I know I am not immune to sin, so I try to stay far from it when possible. When we dabble a little, it has the propensity to lead to more. Thank you for your wise words. Maree

    1. Yes! We are never immune but its much like getting a cold. If we wash our hands and don’t touch our eyes and we dress properly, etc., we can protect ourselves from the cold. Does it mean we will never get a cold? No…but we likely will be more protected than had we not done those things and just not taken any precautions. Then you’re almost guaranteed to get one! LOL Thank you Maree!!

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