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We continue our look at the Passover by looking at the other elements of the Seder, with a focus on the four cups. The four cups of Passover, although part of a Jewish seder (including Messianic), can help the Christians learn more about the Jewish foundation of their faith!
We will look at each of the Passover cups individually and I will show you their significance both in the Seder and as it pertains to our Messiah, Yeshua.
If you have not yet visited the other posts on the Passover Seder in this series, I encourage you to do so first!
1. The Cup of Sanctification
2. The Cup of Deliverance
3. The Cup of Redemption
4. The Cup of Hallel (Praise or Acceptance)
The 4 Cups of Passover in Detail
The four cups of Passover are a picture of God’s deliverance of Israel. For Christians this also points to their own deliverance since Jesus our Messiah descends from the Jewish people. Learning about the Passover overall can be so important for the Christian and deepen their walk with the Lord.
The First of the Four Cups of Passover – The Cup of Sanctification
Just as Hashem brought Israel out from under the bondage of the Egyptians, He also brings us out of the bondage of sin and death and brings His people into the promised Messianic Kingdom.
1 Corinthians 1:30:
The Second of the Four Cups of Passover – The Cup of Deliverance
Exodus 6:6 again says
While the nation of Israel were slaves in Egypt, we too experience deliverance from slavery as Yeshua delivers us from slavery to sin and death!
The Third of the Four Cups of Passover – The Cup of Redemption
We go back again to Exodus 6:6:
Hashem redeemed the Jewish people for Himself. As believers, we experienced redemption through Yeshua!
His blood was shed on the cross as a final atonement, as a payment for sins. His arms outstretched on a tree, He gave Himself up for us to pay the price that was ours to pay! The One who knew no sin became sin for us and He paid our debt. He took the curse of sin on Himself in our place.
This is referring to Deuteronomy 21:22-23 which says:
The Fourth of the Four Cups of Passover – The Cup of Hillel (Praise or Acceptance)
This is the cup Yeshua speaks of in Matthew 26:29:
It is this last of the Passover cups that have the Jewish people look toward their acceptance into the Kingdom of the Father!
As a believer, you look forward to the hope that is in your acceptance through Yeshua the Messiah and how He is your hope and your praise to the glory of God!
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Passover for the Jewish people is a time to reflect on God’s plan for humanity since the foundations of the earth. It is a time to reflect on how our God is a redeeming God and how He does not EVER abandon the people He has set apart for Himself.
For Messianic Jews and also for Christian Gentiles alike, we reflect on the time we are with Yeshua in the Messianic Kingdom!
If you are invited to experience a Passover Seder with Jewish friends and family, I hope you find this helpful in understanding the four cups of the Passover Seder!
CJB – Taken from the Complete Jewish Bible by David H. Stern. Copyright © 1998. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Messianic Jewish Publishers, 6120 Day Long Lane, Clarksville, MD 21029. www.messianicjewish.net.
Tree of Life (TLV) – Scripture taken from the Holy Scriptures, Tree of Life Version*. Copyright © 2014,2016 by the Tree of Life Bible Society. Used by permission of the Tree of Life Bible Society.